shake1 W2S3 [ʃeık] v past tense shook [ʃuk] past participle shaken [ˈʃeıkən]
3 shake your head
4 shake somebody's hand/shake hands with somebody
6 shake somebody's confidence/beliefs etc
7 somebody's voice shakes
8 shake your fist (at somebody)
9 shake a leg
Phrasal verbs
 shake down
 shake somebody/something<=>off
 shake out
 shake somebody/something<=>up
[: Old English; Origin: sceacan]
1.) ¦(MOVE)¦ [I and T]
to move suddenly from side to side or up and down, usually with a lot of force, or to make something or someone do this
She shook him to wake him up.
Shake the bottle before you open it.
The whole house started to shake.
The car shook as it went over a bump.
shake sth out of/off/from sth
She shook the sand out of her shoes (=removed it by shaking) .
2.) ¦(BODY)¦
if someone shakes, or part of their body shakes, they make small sudden movements from side to side or up and down, especially because they are very frightened, cold, ill etc
= ↑tremble
The little boy's hand was shaking.
shake with fear/laughter/anger etc
I could see my neighbor shaking with laughter.
What's wrong with you? You're shaking like a leaf (=shaking a lot because you are very nervous or frightened) .
be shaking in your shoes/boots
(=be very nervous)
I was shaking in my shoes - I thought he was going to fire me.
3.) shake your head
to move your head from side to side as a way of saying no, or to show disapproval, surprise, or sadness
When asked if he wanted anything else, he just shook his head.
Mark shook his head in disbelief.
4.) shake sb's hand/shake hands with sb
to move someone's hand up and down with your own hand as a greeting or as a sign you have agreed something
He shook my hand warmly.
Wilkins stood up and shook hands with both of them.
Well, if we have a deal, let's shake on it (=show that we have made an agreement by shaking hands) .
5.) ¦(SHOCK)¦ [T]
to make someone feel very upset or shocked
Kerrie was so shaken by the attack that she won't go out alone.
The murder shook the whole town.
6.) shake sb's confidence/beliefs etc
to make someone feel less confident, less sure about their beliefs etc
His confidence was badly shaken.
7.) sb's voice shakes
if someone's voice is shaking, it is not steady and they sound very worried, angry, or frightened
Her voice was shaking as she announced the news.
shake with rage/emotion etc
Reg's voice shook with rage.
8.) shake your fist (at sb)
to show that you are angry by holding up and shaking your tightly closed hand
He shook his fist at the driver of the other car.
9.) shake a leg
[i]spoken used to tell someone to hurry, or quickly start doing something
C'mon, shake a leg!
shake down phr v
1.) shake sb<=>down
AmE informal to get money from someone by using threats
Corrupt officials were shaking down local business owners.
2.) shake sb/sth<=>down
AmE informal to search a person or place thoroughly
3.) if a new situation or arrangement shakes down, people start to get used to it and it becomes more effective
The restructure has shaken down, and staff are showing a new sense of purpose.
shake off [shake sb/sth<=>off] phr v
1.) to get rid of an illness, problem etc
I can't seem to shake off this cold.
shake off your image/reputation as sth
Outside investment has helped Sheridan to shake off its image as a depressed industrial town.
2.) to escape from someone who is chasing you
I think we've shaken them off.
shake out phr v
1.) shake sth<=>out
to shake a cloth, a bag, a sheet etc so that any small pieces of dirt, dust etc come off
He shook out the handkerchief and put it back in his pocket.
2.) if an organization or industry shakes out, it becomes calmer after a difficult period of time
He'll look for bargains after the real estate market shakes out.
3.) shake sth<=>out
to change a situation by removing things from it that are not useful or that do not make a profit
As the airline industry shakes out all but the very fittest, catering companies could face serious troubles.
shake up [shake sb/sth<=>up] phr v
1.) to give someone a very unpleasant shock, so that they feel very upset and frightened
She was badly shaken up by the accident.
2.) to make changes to an organization in order to make it more effective
the government's plans to shake up the educational system
WORD CHOICE: shake, wobble, rattle, vibrate, tremble, shiver
Shake is a fairly general word. It can be used to talk about objects moving : There was a loud bang and the building shook.
It can also be used to talk about people's bodies moving because of cold, strong emotion, or illness : Mary shook with rage.
If something wobbles , it moves from side to side because it is not steady or balanced : The desk wobbles when you put anything on it.
If something hard rattles , it shakes and makes a quick series of short sounds : The wind blew and the windows rattled.
If something vibrates , it makes small quick regular movements that you can hear or feel : The engine began to vibrate.
If someone trembles , their body shakes with very small movements, especially because they are angry, afraid, or excited : Trembling, she approached him.
If someone shivers , their body shakes with small movements, especially because they are cold or frightened : We sat shivering under a blanket.
shake 2
shake2 n
if you give something a shake, you move it up and down or from side to side
Give the bottle a good shake before use.
He refused with a shake of the head (=a movement of the head from side to side to mean no) .
a cold drink made from milk, ↑ice cream, and fruit or chocolate
= ↑milkshake
a strawberry shake
3.) the shakes
nervous shaking of your body caused by illness, fear, too much alcohol, not getting a drug you are dependent on etc
If I don't smoke, I get the shakes .
4.) in a couple of shakes/two shakes informal
very soon
I'll be back in two shakes.
5.) no great shakes
spoken not very skilful, or not very good
He's no great shakes as a singer.
6.) get/give sb a fair shake informal
to get or give someone fair treatment

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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